This palm-green commercial town of Kerala is one of the finest natural harbours in the world from where ships set sail for foreign ports with different products of Kerala, like seafood, pepper, rubber and coir. Across the bridge into the old city, there are bastions and streets built by the Portuguese over 500 years ago. It was here in St. Francis Church that the body of Vasco da Gama was originally buried. The enormous fishing nets on the sea front of Cochin provide a charming view.
The district is bordered by the Arabian Sea in the West
Thrissur District in the North
Idukki District in the East
Alappuzha and Kottayam District in the South.
The famous river Periyar, flows through all the Taluks except Muvattupuzha.
Muvattupuzha River and a branch of Chalakkudy River provide a wide stretch of
backwaters to the Ernakulam district and is a major attraction of the place.
Ernakulam district was formed out of the erstwhile kingdoms of Travancore, Kochi and Malabar. The Kochi kingdom had a major share in the establishment of the district. The word Ernakulam was drawn from a Tamil word 'Erayanarkulam' which means abode of Lord Shiva's.
Ernakulam has the majority of islands in Kerala. The main islands of this district are Willington Island, the world's most populated Vypeen Island, Cheriya Kadamakkudi, Valiya Kadamakkudi, Ramanthuruthu, Ponjikkara, Vallarpadam, Kumbalam, Panangad, Cheppanam, Nettoor, Pizhala, Kankattuthuruthu, Korampadam, Cheranelloor, Chathanadu and Chendamangalam. It is believed that the formation of all these islands took place from the soil accumulated due to soil erosion of highlands.
One can see the impressions of Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and Portuguese seafarers, who followed the sea route to Kochi. The present Ernakulam District include Paravur, Aluva, Kochi, Kanayannoor, Muvattupuzha, Kunnathunadu, Kothamangalam Taluks which come under Fort Kochi and Muvattupuzha Revenue Sub Division.